Dewey, John

(1859-1952) Over a long life spanning nearly a century, Dewey was one of America's leading philosophers, responsible for developing and refining philosophical pragmatism . Rejecting much of classical European and essentialist philosophy, Dewey stressed the importance of linking theories to active participation in the world, and to practical problem-solving (instrumentalism). His work exemplifies the North American approach to problem-solving and it has been especially influential in progressive theories of education. For example, in Democracy and Education(1916) Dewey stressed the importance of child-centred learning, where the experiences of the child are seen as valuable in establishing problems, and where thoughtful continuity of such experiences allows the child to exert increasing control over his or her life.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • Dewey,John — Dewey, John. 1859 1952. American philosopher and educator who was a leading exponent of philosophical pragmatism and rejected traditional methods of teaching by rote in favor of a broad based system of practical experience. * * * …   Universalium

  • Dewey, John — born Oct. 20, 1859, Burlington, Vt., U.S. died June 1, 1952, New York, N.Y. U.S. philosopher and educator who was one of the founders of pragmatism, a pioneer in functional psychology, and a leader of the Progressive movement in U.S. education.… …   Universalium

  • Dewey, John — (1859–1952) American educator, social reformer, and philosopher of pragmatism . Dewey was born in Burlington, Vermont, and had a relatively undistinguished academic career, until he enlisted at Johns Hopkins, America s first graduate university,… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Dewey, John — ► (1859 1952) Filósofo, psicólogo y pedagogo estadounidense. Su teoría pedagógica principal consiste en que el maestro debe comportarse respecto al niño como un igual más experimentado que le sirva de guía. Escribió Experiencia y educación. * * * …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Дьюи Джон / Dewey, John — (1859 1952). Статье Дьюи The reflex arc concept in psychology («Понятие рефлекторной дуги в психологии») обычно приписывают статус программной работы, связанной с учреждением функционализма как самостоятельной школы психологии, а не только как… …   Психологическая энциклопедия

  • Dewey — Dewey, John …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Dewey — Dewey, John …   Dictionary of sociology

  • John Dewey — (* 20. Oktober 1859 in Burlington, Vermont; † 1. Juni 1952 in New York) war ein US amerikanischer Philosoph und Pädagoge …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John F. Dewey — John Frederick Dewey (* 1937) ist ein britischer Strukturgeologe und ein führender Vertreter der Theorie der Plattentektonik, die unter anderem auf wissenschaftliche Arbeiten aufbaut, welche er in den 60er und 70er Jahren des 20. Jahrhunderts… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • DEWEY (J.) — DEWEY JOHN (1859 1952) L’œuvre de John Dewey a marqué, pendant la première moitié du XXe siècle, non seulement la vie scolaire des États Unis, mais aussi la pensée pédagogique de la plupart des pays. Après avoir exercé les fonctions de professeur …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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